Gum Recession Treatment
Why does gum recession occur?
Gum recession and the resulting exposure of the tooth neck or even root can occur for several reasons. The most common causes are tartar and the use of an unsuitable toothbrush. Tartar covers an increasing amount of the tooth surface, forcing the gums to recede. Another cause is using a toothbrush with hard bristles that are unsuitable for the gums. The pressure of hard bristles against the gums causes the gums to recede and create areas where bacteria accumulate. Gum recession can also be caused by periodontal disease. Tooth necks can also be exposed because of surgical procedures or misaligned teeth in the dental arch.
When it comes to loss of teeth in the jawbone, it is often the case that the remaining bone tissue is not high enough to support a dental implant. The reason for this is in the sinus, the air-filled space above the upper jawbone that reduces the amount of bone. To provide sufficient bone thickness for the implant, it is necessary to perform a sinus lift. This is the only option to make a dental implant possible. The procedure involves lifting the sinus mucosa and filling it with bone.
At the Medical Dentistry clinic, sinus lifts are performed under local anaesthesia by a surgeon. The procedure is perfectly painless and safe for the patient’s health. A small incision is made inside the mouth in the area where the gums meet the sinus. This makes it possible to access the sinus and lift its membrane to make room for the artificial bone graft.
The artificial bone is composed of granules that stimulate the regeneration of natural bone in order to increase the bone volume for the dental implant. After the artificial bone has been inserted, the incision is sutured. Swelling and sensitivity may occur as side effects of the procedure, but they generally disappear within 48 hours.